The significance of Laconian myths for Spartan politics in the Archaic and Classical periodThis diploma thesis deals with the significance of Laconian myths for Spartan politics in the Archaic and Classical period. First, the relevant ancient sources for this topic are critically assessed. Secondly, in order to provide a better understanding of the case studies, crucial parts of the Laconian myths are presented. The focus lies on three mythical genealogies: the Herakleidai, the Tyndareidai and the Atreidai. The persons who gained importance for Spartan politics will be discussed with regard to myth and their role in Laconian cult.The following main part of the thesis consists of detailed case studies for the significance of Laconian myths for Spartan politics. The role of the Herakleidai as ancestors of the two Spartan royal houses and the use that individual kings made of these mythical genealogies is discussed as to political events. In the next chapter, the relevance of the Tyndareidai and Atreidai for the Spartan politics is investigated. In both cases, domestic and foreign policy are considered independently. The role of Laconian myths of the three aforementioned mythical genealogies and their relevance for Spartan territorial policy is discussed in a separate chapter. Finally, the last chapter looks into the negative impact of omens in connection with mythical characters.