Since the beginning of the 1990s, feminist perspectives on the European Integration Process have developed. They analyse research areas that are neglected but considered important from a gender perspective, describe the European Integration Process and try to explain the nature of the EU political system. A common feminist integration theory did not develop because of the different types of feminism and the various feminist research methods and subjects.The European Integration Process is largely dominated by male views and mindsets ? women were supposed to play a marginal role within this Process. Women?s issues and concerns, however, gradually entered the EU?s political arena, thanks to long-standing and untiring efforts among women. Today?s EU women?s and gender policy would not have developed without feminist engagement. Five aspects significantly contributed to the development of the EU women?s and gender policy: demands arising from economic integration, the second-wave feminism in the 1960s and 1970s, the European Commission?s activities in the field of women?s policy, European women?s policy networks and the European Union law and its interpretation by the European Court of Justice. By adopting several gender equality strategies like gender mainstreaming, the European Union achieved remarkable progress in terms of equality between men and women in the past years. Still, much needs to be done to improve gender balance within the EU institutions and bodies. At national level, gender inequality also exists across the European Union: Women are highly underrepresented in political and other decision-making positions and are largely outnumbered by men in the economic field. Discrimination against women is still widespread in all EU member states, especially in the labour market. As a result of these gender inequalities, it is obvious that women?s living conditions in the European Union remain difficult and challenging.