Infant massage has not only a long tradition in many Asian and African cultures, but also gains popularity in the Western World. Pioneers like Frederick Leboyer or Vimala Schneider McClure introduced this special method of baby care into Europe and North America in the 1970s and 1980s. Since then many books were published on this subject, the International Association of Infant Massage (IAIM) was founded in 1986 and the benefits for babies and parents were revealed by many clinical studies.Starting with a brief introduction to the issues of tactile stimulation based on the groundbreaking book of Ashley Montagu "Touching: The Human Significance of The Skin", this work gives an overview of the history, methods and different techniques of infant massage. Furthermore, it includes a systematic review of the impacts of baby massage on mental and physical health of newborns based on many studies of the last two decades. The results of these studies show a significant increase in mental and physical health for preterm infants. The positive effects for low risk babies, who receive massages, were not that evident as Underdown et al. show in a meta-study from 2006. To be exact, the results show that infant massage has no effect on growth, but provides some evidence suggestive of improved mother-infant interaction, sleep and relaxation, reduced crying and a beneficial impact on a number of hormones controlling stress. Finally, this work describes application fields where certain massage techniques can help babies with different kind of little diseases like colic, flatulence or obstipation on the one hand and help babies with handicap to cope with their deficiencies on the other hand.