The diploma thesis deals with gender specific reasons for fleeing from a country, like for ex-ample domestic violence, female genital mutilation or honour killings. After a few definitions of essential terms regarding this topic, I will discuss the prerequisites to receive the refugee status according to the GFK and emphasise some characteristics for gender based escapes. In this context there are some questions to discuss, among others the following: Is it important to include the term ?gender? into the international convention? The next chapter is a historic overview of the consideration of female based reasons for fleeing. Moreover, I will give you a short insight into the life of female refugees in Austria and which problems they have to deal with. In accordance to this, the diploma thesis contains few summaries of some good projects in Austria, Germany or some international organisations. In addition, the thesis contains some possible solutions for the specific problems, of which female refugees have to deal with in their asylum proceedings. Of course you can also find the essential sources of aliens law. Af-terwards, I go into detail with the gender specific reasons for fleeing, their motivations, forms and above all, the jurisprudence of Austrian courts. In the last chapter you can read about the dangers during the escape, in refugee camps or prisons, which especially concern female refugees. At this point I also mention the issue of sexual violence in conflicts.