To begin with, the theoretical part of this diploma thesis will deal with the development of the peasant population in Western and Central Europe, with special emphasis on Austria. This research constitutes the basis for further investigation. In addition, this work will trace back the history of the South-Styrian farmyard ?Jauschnegg? until the end of the 18th century. Sub-sequently, the generation change on this farmyard, as well as the women?s socio-economic role will account for the second part of this thesis.