The aim of the present diploma thesis is to answer several questions regarding differences in alcohol consumption in different types of sports. Additionally, the factors which are associated with the consumption or abstinence of alcohol of male sports men are investigated. It should also be determined which role being a part of a team plays in alcohol consumption of athletes. The study was designed as a comparison between individual sports athletes and team sports members. In order to answer the research questions, three test groups were formed. Football represents the first group, the second includes other team sports such as basketball, volleyball and handball and the third group consists of individual sports. The athletes of these three groups (N=203) were asked to complete a questionaire about their drinking habits. The results of this study indicate that there is a significant difference between the alcohol consumption of team sports members and individual sports athletes. The drinking habits concerning amount and frequency of alcohol consumption of the latter is significantly lower compared to the other two groups. Similar results are revealed considering drinking alcohol within the club environment. Furthermore, there is a significant connection between alcohol consumption and celebrating sporting success. The motive of setting oneself personal goals shows a significant relationship between being abstinent to alcohol of the respondent athletes. However, no significant relationship, contrary the expectation, was found between the amount of training of the athletes and their alcochol consumption. The results lead to the creation of an awareness of problematic alcohol consumption within club cultures, especially in team sports.