In the present study a personality-based integrity test was constructed by considering eleven subject areas found in literature as a basis for the construction of items. To minimize the perceived invasiveness of the items, they were created with a job relation when possible. Item analyses were performed in a sample of 101 employed and non-employed persons. Due to the job relatedness of the items, only a subsample of 82 employed persons was considered in these analyses.The factor analysis (Principal Component Analysis) resulted in a test with 24 items comprising five different components (prudence, sense of duty, ambition, affability and balance). The scale displays high internal consistency at the level of the total scale (? = .83) and at the level of the subscales as well (? = .66 - ? = .77). The total scale and the subscales show patterns of correlations with conscientiousness, agreeableness and emotional stability, similarly to those typically reported in literature, but the size of correlations is somewhat higher. Consistent with previous research there is no correlation between the constructed integrity test and general mental ability. Group differences (tested for sex and age) were only found for sense of duty, where women score slightly higher than men.These first results are promising, but the most important question, i.e. the validity of the scale has still to be answered in future research. Criterion-related validity has to be examined, as well as fakabilty, invasiveness and acceptance by applicants. At the present state, the developed instrument can only be used for research purposes.