Primo Levi is primarily known for his two autobiographic novels, Se questo è un uomo and La tregua, dealing with his experiences in the concentration camp of Auschwitz and his return to Italy after World War 2. The fact that despite these two novels, he has been writing several stories showing a high literary potential, has so far been widely ignored in the academic literature. The definition of the genre of sci-ence fiction suffers from the same problem: Either the definition is reduced to its three main founders, Poe, Verne, and Wells or it is discounted as a pulp phenome-non for the masses of the second half of the 20th century with no significant relevance for literature. The aim of this thesis is to show that Primo Levi as well as science fiction can both be seen from a different perspective if analyzed jointly. To this purpose, 27 selected stories of Primo Levi are going to be analyzed with respect to the type and function of science fiction elements.Both, type and function of science fiction elements can be divided into the three categories science, society and human destiny. Among the three categories, science shows most connections to the traditional view of science fiction, followed by society and human destiny. An analysis of the function of the three categories shows that a clear hierarchical relationship can be found. Both, science and society can be interpreted as a subcategory of human destiny; it is human destiny that defines both, the existence of and problems related to science and society. Contrary to many other authors, Levi stories are not limited to the description of potential scientific developments or future problems of society, but challenge them from a superior point of view and give a new fundament to their significance.