The biometric passport and its compatibility with the fundamental rights of the Austrian legal systemThrough Council Regulation (EC) No 2252/2004, the European legislator has standardized new security features for travel documents and passports issued by Member States. The aim of this Regulation was to prevent forgery and falsification of travel documents and passports all over Europe: the birth of the biometric passport. Hence, these security features had to be technically implemented. The understanding of these technical processes is a precondition in order to realize the extent and consequences of the introduction of the biometric passports. Therefore it is necessary to present, right from the beginning of this paper, the way in which biometrical data are technically collected and the way in which the existing data are verified and checked. Following this technical knowledge, the next step is to thoroughly scrutinize the contents of Regulation (EC) No 2252/2004 as well as of the amending Regulation (EC) No 444/2009. The Austrian legislator reacted legislatively to this Regulation by revising the Passport Law 1992. The changes made to the content are systematically described based on the individual articles of the Passport Law 1992. A final examination of the fundamental rights will explain to what extent the individual rights are affected by the revision of the Passport Law 1992. At the same time, the fundamental right to data protection based on Art. 1 DSG (Data Protection Law), to respect of private and family life based on Art. 8 ECHR and finally the fundamental right to free movement based on art. 4 StGG (Constitutional Court Law) are examined. A comparative perspective will be given selectively on the German legal system as well as the opinion of the Austrian Data Protection Council.