AbstractThe topic of this diploma thesis is called ?The prevention of discrimination between private persons with regard to asylum seekers, refugees, and migrants?. Which laws and conventions on the national, regional and universal levels contain a prohibition of discrimination, which also works in situations between private persons? The problem with this question, especially in view of universal as well as regional levels, is that most of the laws and conventions only see the state as an offender. Even though the exact wording does not prevent discrimination, the general comments and recommendations of commissions in charge of implementing national laws have to be considered. In 2000, the European Union implemented an innovative council directive for the principle of equal treatment of persons regardless of racial or ethnic origin. This not only included states as offenders but private persons, too. In addition, on the national level, specifically in Austria, the prevention of discrimination between private persons is quite new in law. Although this topic had been widely discussed the real innovation came with the ?Gleichbehandlungsgesetz? in 2004. This has transformed the council directive and prohibits discrimination in some areas of daily life.This work focuses on certain situations and circumstances in daily life where discrimination takes place; these are freedom of religion, education, right to work and access to services. Besides these theoretical parts the question arises in which way the law is applied in praxis. Which organizations exist to support victims of discrimination and help raise awareness of this issue among citizens in Austria? On the universal level, there are the commissions, which control the states, and on the regional level there are those who control the implementation of law and want to be in contact with the population.