This thesis explores the Russian writer Viktor Erofeevs novel Choro?ij Stalin, whichwas published in 2004. Erofeev, in an effort to provoke and attract media attention,ranks himself among the greatest authors of contemporary Russian literature. InChoro?ij Stalin, the fictional and the autobiographical blur. On the one hand, Erofeevfictionalizes historical figures and events. On the other, the novel reflects the author?s career as a writer, and incorporates authentic material from hisown life and the lives of close family members, as well as historical-political material.Using this complexity as a foundation, the thesis investigates the relationship betweenauthor and first-person narrator and its playful handling.The introductory part of the thesis exploresbiographical data gained from non-literary contexts such as reviews, Erofeevs owntexts, and the memoirs of Erofeev?s parents. These sources illustrate the author?splayful use of and reflections on the notions of fiction and non-fiction.Following a plot overview, the narrative is systematically analyzed with the help ofanalytical categories developed by Gérard Genette. The novel centers on theunfolding of the narrator?s personality. The thesis discusses contradictorypresentations of the self in the novel. Based on the narrative andpublished reviews, the thesis discusses possible motives for Erofeevs self-ironic play,which leads to self-exposure and lays the self open to ridicule. The thesis usesauthentic historical and literary-political material, such as the issues surrounding thepublication of the literary almanac Metropol? (which Erofeev co-edited), toexpose strong references to the author?s self in the novel.In its final chapter, the thesis explores the depiction of the father figure against thebackground of Stalinist propaganda machine in the 1930s. The analysis examines the narrator?s reflections on the relationsbetween father, son, and dominant father figure Stalin.