The construction of the ?Südbahn?, the railway line from Vienna to Trieste, fundamentally changed the way of travelling to the ?Küstenland? and also made it much easier. The railway strengthened the economy, communication and mobility within its catchment area. Though the railway construction was originally planned for strategic and economical reasons, it was soon used by travellers for pleasure, who exploited this possibility of moving for rambles, sightseeing and to reach health and holiday resorts. This was the first pioneering condition for the development of tourism. The second important premise was the touristic infrastructure. This was initiated by visionary entrepreneurs and by tourist organisations respectively. Later on, the state also endeavoured to develop tourism. Another important role for the development of health resorts and spas was played by famous doctors, because in the beginning, health tourism had been very essential. Last but not least, travel literature was crucial for the development of an unknown village to a famous tourism destination because it circulated all advantages, attractions and comforts (as well as imperfections) of a destination to encourage the readers to follow the journeys. Besides practical information, travel authors communicated a lot of their personal views. Furthermore, they tried to influence the readers, e.g. by adding their own reflections. They misused (local) history to emphasize their own point of view of the world (or the point of view of their clients/editors). They wrote travel essays in form of political/national treatises to form a special image of a destination. Therefore they filtered their messages: Sometimes they left out historical events, rumours were taken as truth or were even created, and sometimes legends were used as an absolute truth, if they supported the view of the writer.