Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) as pervasive developmental disorders affect all essential areas of life. Consequently, the situation of affected families is characterised by several particularities which create specific needs within the family. Although in recent years, ASD have increasingly come to the forefront both in empirical research and in broader public attention, there is a clear lack of empirical findings concerning the family situation especially in the German-speaking world. This master thesis addresses this topic in a resource- and system-oriented way and is focusing on challenges and specific needs, as well as on support resources, particularly the importance of family relief. The theoretical part reviews relevant literature. The empirical study is based on problem-centred interviews conducted with three mothers. Furthermore the experiences and attitudes of specialised ?FamilienentlasterInnen? are assessed with a questionnaire. Relevant findings show that although the situation of the families is characterised by several similarities, the diversity of the family living environments becomes much more evident. Specific burdens are no way contradictory either to a positive future outlook or to a harmonic formation of family relationship. Therefore however, both personal and adequate social support resources are needed. Family relief services can, by a wide spectrum of need-orientated service offerings contribute substantially to the family relief as well as to an increased social participation. Overall, the importance of concepts in the practical work based on the Empowered-Family-Model (Theunissen 2009) is underlined. The results confirm the need to reinforce the further development of family sup-port services. Knowing about the specific needs of families with children with ASD and a more need-orientated organisation of services can be an important step towards a successful inclusion of children with ASD and their families.