The inhabitants of Linz, the Upper Austrian capital, still have a differentiated look at the time of the national socialism. The city got an incomparable impetus between 1938 and 1945 which not at least had been based on the personal affinity of Adolf Hitler to the city where he went to school. In the evening of March 12, 1938, he held his first speech to the "Anschluss" of Austria to Hitler Germany. By the "vote" to the "Anschluss" in April 1938, the movement in Linz reached the highest percentage compared to all other cities of the ?Third Reich?. Important factors of the revaluation of Linz in the national socialism were the settlements of important armaments industries and the housing projects linked with it which led to a population increase of about 50%. The development of the city to an art- and cultural metropolis, however, remained unrealized. The "Hermann Göring-Werke", precursor today's VOEST alpine, still contribute to the prosperity of the city decisively. Also the residential constructions found positive entrance in the townscape and the collective memory of the Linz population as so-called ?Hitlerbauten?. Starting from the revaluation of the city by the Nazis this work deals with national-socialist coninuities in the time between 1945 and 1950. It is about the perception of the so-called ?good Nazi ? Franz Langoth, the last national socialist mayor of the city; about the dealing of the city with its Nazi past in the form of street names and monuments; about the ideological continuities in the population which reach from swastika smearings up to violent infringements towards Jewish "Displaced Persons"; and, above all, it is about the election success of the ?VdU? who could reach 28% (in the Linz area) at the National Assembly choice, Landtag choice and district council choice after the amnesty of the "less-loaded National Socialists? in 1949; and which became the voices-strongest party of the voice commitee in the former armament industries.