This diploma thesis is an investigation into the context dependency of the gender role self concept (GRS). The GRS is defined as the amount of self-ascribed attributes and behaviors that are assumed to be more typical for men or women. The GRS was measured before and after a social interaction and, thus, a measurement of content-dependent self-concept activation was available. In groups of four two female and two male students worked on tasks with varying gender typicality (masculine vs. feminine). The status of all interacting people was manipulated. A central result is that feminine personality traits are activated by a cooperative context. Moreover, the study informs the reader that in high-status positions people tend to describe them more by referring to female traits/behaviors than in status-low positions. Effects for differences in status are mirrored ? differently as assumed- in varying activation patterns of the female GRS-scales. The positive association between status and the female self-concept can be explained by the greater interpersonal sensitivity of persons in power. The hypothesis deduced from the expectations states approach that male/female group tasks will activate the male/female self concept was only partially confirmed. Men, who discussed motorcycles, did not activate their female GRS, which might indicate that they dominated the situation and did not consider others ?opinion. Straightforward gender differences could be found for the chronical accessibility of the GRS. However, these difference have to be relativized as the study suggests that we have to take the context dependency of the GRS serious.