My doctoral thesis analyses social cohesion of family in Kosovo in the course of societal transformations as well as impact of the state in terms of changing family structure, kinship relations and gender roles. My study seeks to analyse family cohesion in the post-war (1999) Kosovo by focusing on Isniq (West Kosovo) as a case study. This research used the potentials of the Grounded Theory (Barney and Strauss 1967), which means a theory emerging from data systematically obtained from empirical research, involving grounding of a theory through analysis of data, mainly in qualitative research. My aim was to make a research on the changes in family and kinship relations in the course of societal transformations from this perspective as well as to explore the impact of the state in terms of a changing family structure. Main focus of the research has been collecting data from fieldwork. I conducted in-depth, open-ended interviews using the qualitative data collection technique. As the methodology of grounded theory requires, I was able to do participant observation, simply by living in the village, myself. My study shows that many people in Isniq and undeniably almost in all Kosovo share the opinion that in the post 1999 period everything has changed regarding family. The end of war marked fundamental shifts in terms of both family and society. Changes in the family and society evolved analogous and/or are influenced by the political and economic transformations. This study therefore contributes to an understanding of a broader context of family, kinship and social security from a bottom-up approach as well as the impact of recent political and economic changes occurring after the war. By comparing my collected field data with the literature and relevant theories concerning changing family structures, kinship and social security, my dissertation breaks new ground.