The development of the law against the dishonest competition with side laws in Austria from 1945 to 1984Abstract: Competition has always been destined to human life. With the law against dishonest Competition and its side laws, the competition should get to customers a statutory rule. The development of the Law against dishonest Competition (UWG) and its side laws already started at the beginning of the previous century. Model for the Austrian legislation in this area of law was a law of the German Empire. Based on this law began a development of the Austrian law of 26 September 1923 began against the dishonest competition which was strongly influenced by the political and social changes of the country. The Austrian law against dishonest Competition was repealed during the incorporation of Austria into the German Empire, it was set back in force in 1947 by the new Austrian government. From now on, the development of the UWG began from a pure competition protective law, to a law, acting to protect consumers from unethical trade of companies. A large role in changing the target of the law against dishonest competition played the UWG-amendment 1971, at which there was an expansion of legal standing in violation of the UWG. This reform of the UWG was highly controversial and was not welcomed by all sides. The innovation out of this amendment expected not only the affected companies and the associations raise to promote economic interests of the company in an infringement action, but also the Trade Unions, the ?Arbeiterkammertag? and the Presidents Conference of Agriculture. By this step, the rights of consumers became strengthened considerably. The most important side law, due the law against dishonest competition was introduced in the1980th. The law should prevent the ?Greißlersterben? and ensure the local supply of the population with the goods of daily use. Its introduction and design created a fierce political debate.