When teaching children how to swim, the goals range from water familiarization and understanding of basic swimming pool safety, to the acquisition of different swimming styles. To begin with, the children?s fear of water plays a central role. Identifying the causes of the children?s anxiety and the options available to the instructor to help them learn to overcome it are, therefore, important subject matter at the beginning of this diploma thesis.To offer children age based, productive and ultimately successful swimming lessons, it is important to draw attention to the general principles of a child?s overall development.Whereas the pedagogic-didactic aspects of this work are structured theoretically, the methodic aspects of learning to swim must also focus on practical content. Consequently, various exercises are described with some of them being further explained with pictures for a better understanding of the different techniques. The main area of interest is basic familiarization with water, an understanding of the fundamentals of movement in water leading to more advanced specific techniques such as the breast stroke and front crawl. An overview of the common beginners? mistakes with the breast and crawl technique helps swimming instructors to offer specific tuition on particular errors.The last part of the diploma thesis deals with the planning, organization and practical application of swimming courses. Composition, length and general course conditions are the central subject matter. An overview of the various swimming badges available as well as the swimming rules in Austrian swimming is provided at the end of this diploma thesis.