According to Austrian law, plea bargaining is illegal. The term plea bargaining describes agreements between the parties of a court proceeding, in particular the judge and/or the attorney on one side and the defendant with his defense lawyer on the other side. The goal of plea bargaining is to issue a ?reward? for the defendant in exchange for his willingness to cooperate with the authorities, mostly in the form of pleading guilty.Even though it is illegal, plea bargaining still remains rather common in practice. The Austrian Supreme Court ruled in the cases 11 Os 77/04 and 13 Os 1/10m that such compromises conflict with the basic principles of the Austrian criminal law system, particularly with the principle of ?material truth?. The 4th senate of the German Supreme Court, on the other hand, ruled in 1997 that plea bargaining can be ?tolerated? under certain conditions which have been developed by the court (4 Str 240/97). In its decision GSSt 1/04 of 2005, the Grand Senate of the German Supreme Court not only addressed the Parliament and suggested to regulate plea bargaining in the criminal law system, but also declared plea bargaining as a ?qualified instruction? through authorities which could be accepted as legal under certain restrictions. On August 3rd, 2009 the lawmaker finally introduced the ?law for the regulation of plea bargaining in criminal proceedings?. In Austria, the work group ?criminal law? of the Austrian Bar Association is currently highly engaged with the topic of the implementation of plea bargaining into the Austrian legal system. While the proposed model is closely related to the German law of 2009, it still shows significant differences from its precedent. It is yet to be seen whether the integration of plea bargaining will be successful and can be incorporated into the existing Austrian code of criminal procedure.