Women and the law of armed conflict is a very delicate subject, they were too underrepresented in political life in order to push for their needs to be implemented. Men and women experience armed conflict in different ways. In fact, women suffer because of their sex; abuses of women are particularly widespread in conflict situations. The role that gender plays in understanding the suffering people have to face in a conflict situation has long been overlooked. It was especially for the United Nations that gender issues were finally taken up.This work looks at the law of armed conflict from a gender specific point of view. The realities of warfare for women are examined to be able to compare them with actual provisions of international law. Feminists claim IHL to be discriminative against women because a special female experience is not taken into account. This work examines international human rights law, humanitarian law and the case law of the International Criminal Tribunals to discuss how efficient international law implements the different needs of women in war situations. Finally, this work tries to give a deeper analysis of specific subjects, regarding sexual violence, detainment and judicial guarantees in order to gain a better insight into the material. There exists a broad range of provisions, which protect women in a general as well as in a specific context, yet there remain some gaps to be filled. The notion of a gender difference, the image of women in war situations and the different impact of war on both sexes finally got recognized by the international community.