They are components of numerous technical objects of utility and the global desire for them occasionally has fatal effects on the lives of people in African mines we are speaking of ‘conflict minerals. Due to the excavation and trading of the scarce raw materials, armed conflicts are financially supported in the concerned areas and especially human rights are spurned. The central focus of this work is to establish whether according to international law the participating actors take responsibility along the real net output ratio. At the beginning a term definition takes place, as well as a demonstration of the close complexity with international law, followed by legal rules of obligatory and non-binding legal nature, in which the civil responsibilities of the state find access to work. Subsequently an extensive examination of the responsibility of international law in Austria is carried out and in the course of an excursion a revision is conducted on the actions of transnational corporations. Apart from globalisation being the driving force, the key figures consumers and corporations clearly show that economical aspects also play a significant role, which generates a tense relationship towards liabilities according to international law. Finally the corporate challenges and initiatives are shown through practical examples, before the future prospects and proposals for solutions are presented in the conclusion.