The Southeast Atlantic deep-sea basins are the goal of thorough investigations concerning biodiversity as well as the oceanographic evolution during the youngest part of earth history, the Late Pleistocene and Holocene. The South Atlantic is considered to be a key region concerning ocean circulation and coupled climatic processes due to the special position in the mixing area of deep water currents from the North (North Atlantic Deep Water) and South Atlantic (Antarctic Bottom Water), both tightly connected by the Thermohaline Circulation. In the presented study we tried to link geochemical, sedimentological and faunistic data to draw a picture of the evolution of the main water currents in the region focussing on shallow water layers by the use of temperature differences stored in planktonic foraminiferal tests and on deep water by the evaluation of the effect of deep water corrosiveness fluctuations on the sediments. A second focus is on the temporal and spatial distribution patterns of benthic foraminiferal and their possible correlations to water mass and sediment properties. Due to different habitat preferences, test shapes and material as well as feeding habits abundances of specific foraminiferal taxa show a correlation with sediment properties such as sand content, organic carbon content, and carbonate content. In most cases it is difficult to clarify if a correlation is based on a direct interplay or is triggered by secondary effects as for example taphonomic processes such as dissolution. A combination of various sedimentological and geochemical proxies helps to decipher these interactions.