Anti-Judaism is a complex problem that has its roots in late antiquity. Out of religious differences between Judaism and Christianity a deep hatred of the Christian majority against the Jewish minority arose in the High Middle Ages. They were regarded as religiously constricted, deceitful and evil, exposed to exclusion, persecution and physical violence, and were expelled from all the major cities of the empire in the late fifteenth century. The allegations against Jews were manifold and, in most cases, fictitious. They were accused of ritual murder, desecration of altar breads, fountain poisoning, or usury, they were equated with animals, especially pigs, or suspected to make a pact with the devil. Many of these stereotypes have been handed down over the centuries and have also been reflected in the visual language. The first anti-Jewish motifs, such as the confrontation of Ecclesia and Synagogue, concerned exclusively the religious inferiority of the Jews and occurred in the form of sculptures in and on sacred buildings. Later, other non-religious motifs were added, which were made accessible to the general public through mass media such as leaflets: the Judensau mocked Jews not only on the religious level, but rather served as a general affront and instrument of hate. The depiction of the Jewish usury had already been largely decoupled from religious motives and should draw attention to the "criminal" machinations of Jewish lenders. The extent of the shift from religious anti-Jewish themes to non-religious or general or economic motifs in the visual language is the subject of the presented work. The analysis is limited to the (German) empire and the period between 1050 and 1500.