The constitution of 1934 created a new legislation system in Austria. Instead of a parliament, the advisory committees and the Bundestag were established. The government made a proposal, which was then examined by the advisory committees and then handed over to the Bundestag, which then voted for or against the new law. Besides this new legislation process, another law, the “Ermächtigungsgesetz 1934”, made it possible for the federal government to pass a law itself without the advisory committees and the Bundestag. This thesis is a study on the use of the legislation competences of the federal government and the Bundestag, the presentation and the interpretation of the laws passes by the Bundestag and selected laws of the federal government. The question to answer is, “Is there a pattern as to when and why either the one or the other way of legislation was used?” Not only will the legislation process and the specific laws of the time be shown and analysed, but also the political and historical background of that time. This thesis will capture the legislation in Austria from 1st of May 1934 until 1st of May 1935. The study is based not only on legal history books and the laws of that time, but also on the protocols of the Ministerrat and the Bundestag.