The work focuses on the issue of food security, the right to food and the consequences of the EU agricultural and trade policy for the right to food for small farmers affected by hunger. Currently, an estimated 795 million people worldwide are still suffering from hunger. Particularly affected is the poor country population, which actually produces the food. Women and children are especially vulnerable. The human right to food is contained in numerous international treaties and documents. However, these can hardly be enforced at present because the right to food is violated every day by international actors such as the EU.The thesis shows, according to some definitions, the geography of hunger. Where is hunger and who is hungry? Subsequently, the concept of human rights as a framework for human rights on food is considered. This takes place through the conception of human rights from a historical perspective and the consideration of the general human rights. It is then possible to classify the right of human rights to food. Current international efforts to stop hunger and fulfill this right for all people are the end of this chapter.The EU's agricultural and trade policy is then broadly addressed to the ACP countries in order to demonstrate, in Ghana's case study, that this policy violates the human right to the food of small farmers. Ghana was selected as a sample country, which is not one of the poorest countries in Africa, has good democratic structures, and its markets are wide open to foreigners. This shows how the EU underscores this human right of many small farmers and the dietary sovereignty of the country, and in turn contributes to the fact that these people are increasingly fleeing.