Since 11th of September, Islam was at the center of the world. The monotheistic religion aroused the interest of many people, especially researchers and scholars. Previously, the term "Salafism" was a strange expression, which was within in a very short period of time very widespread and connected with other terms such as "Wahhabism", "Islamism" or "Islamic State". On the whole, these terms have a negative reputation, which ultimately also have a negative general impact on Islam. The present Salafism can be redefined by a closer consideration of these terms, their historical processes, personal assumptions, political framework conditions and geographical starting points. The ideological differences between the three currents in Salafism - purist, political, and jihadist - are important, which express the fundamental principle differently. The three currents agree on the principles of "Hasba" and "Loyalty and Loss" (Arabic: al-walaa wal-baraa). The Salafists define their movement not as a religious phenomenon, but as the authentic Islam to which all Muslims should return. Their goal is primarily the preservation of religion from any change. In addition to the most prominent representative of the religious-political discourse of the Egyptian origin Sayyed Qutb, Mustafa Shukry, Muhammad Abdel Salam Faradsch and Abdullah Azzam are the representatives of the “Takfir” and “Jihad” ideologies. These and other ideologies result from the confusing, irrational theological assumptions of some “Salafists”.Egypt is the birth place of “neo-Salafism”, which has been an interesting research area for many Islamic scholars since the assassination of President Sadat (1981). Since the Egyptian revolution (25th January 2011), the Salafists began to show themselves openly, so they could even take part in the parliamentary elections and win some seats. The election of the Islamic president Muhammed Mursi (2012) reflects the development of the Egyptian society as a whole. The Salafists are traditionally a heterogeneous group in Egypt without a central organizational structure and without a clear political program. However, some preachers are often referred as speakers and representatives of the “Salafism” in Egypt. Their Ideologies spread from day to day and use the most modern media to remain present among Muslims. However, the Salafism are a minority. In Egypt "al-Azhar" tries to make the balance between the Muslims. Future and spreading capacity of the Salafists in Egypt cannot be estimated. However, the results of the parliamentary elections in 2015 are deceptive for the Egyptian Salafists.