This paper focuses on how to plan Austrias perception of its Nazi past in the Second Republic for upper secondary schools. There were different commemorative cultures, which were influenced by collective memory and different narratives such as Austrias representation as a victim, the remembrance of fallen comrades in the Second World War, and the admission that Austria should assume responsibility for what some of its citizens perpetrated during the Nazi period. The memorial monument, which also functions as a place of learning, has been chosen to deal with this topic in class. The aim of this paper is the development of a didactic conception which has been translated into practice together with a 7th grade of BG/BRG Kirchengasse in Graz and was then evaluated by a questionnaire survey. For this concept, the following four monuments, which are located in the Grazer Stadtpark, have been chosen: Freiheitskämpferdenkmal, Ehren- und Mahnmal für die Gefallenen beider Weltkriege, Freiheitsdenkmal, and the inscription Ich Sigfried Uiberreither Landeshauptmann 2008. The students had to work in groups of three or four and dealt with a variety of monument-related methods.Based on the evaluation results, it can be said that this concept works out quite well. Nevertheless, some modifications could be made, such as the creation of work assignments with different levels of difficulty for lower and higher achieving pupils. Moreover, the accomplishment of this concept and, especially working with memorial monuments can advance the competences of every student in various ways.