The aim of this diploma thesis is to use the topic “The Styrian Paper Industry” in the teaching subject of geography and economics. The first part of the paper explores the role of the paper and pulp industry in Styria. After a presentation of the historical development of the Styrian paper industry, todays paper and pulp manufacturers of Styria are introduced and a comparison and analysis is made to highlight and explain their similarities and differences. A location analysis based on an outline of contemporary paper manufacturing shall then examine the conditions of Austria as an industrial location in general, as well as the situation for Austrian and Styrian paper and pulp manufacturers in particular. Finally, the first part of the paper will look into environmental protection and sustainability of the Styrian pulp and paper industry. The meaning of sustainability, often caught between economic and ecological goals, will be discussed, as well as water protection, forestry, the use of recovered paper, energy supply and noxious emissions. Thus, a comprehensive overview of the challenges and efforts of the paper and pulp manufacturers will be provided. The second part of the paper will then address the embedment of the topic of “The Paper Industry of Styria” into the subject of geography and economics. After an exploration of the curricula in order to locate the topic, the status and function of economic education within the subject geography and economics is looked into. Key principles, such as the orientation towards the students and their living environment, action-oriented and competence-oriented teaching are presented as well. Finally, a lesson plan based on the topic “The Paper Industry of Styria” for the subject geography and economics is developed.