This master thesis provides an overview of the relationships between natural resources and gender as a social category in a rural area in Tanzania. In the process, first of all, it is clarified how feminist, environmental and development policy discussion strands have emerged and how the reciprocal relationship between "gender" and "nature" can be understood theoretically. Ecological conditions are connected with social, economic and political differentiation, which run along gender boundaries. A multisectoral gender profile examines the question about equality among the sexes in Tanzania. The gender dimensions are then analysed in three selected natural effects: agriculture & nutrition, water & sanitation, soils & forests. Finally, empirical field research methods in the Maasai Steppe were used to link the environmental behaviour, the access to natural resources with gender identities, gender-specific attitudes, division of labour and cultural norms. Changes in the environment and human intervention in natural conthttps://online.uni-graz.at/kfu_online/wbAbs.cbSaveSprachVersion?pThesisNr=67433&pOrgNr=&pAutorNr=188862&pPersNr=&pFassungNr=47561rol circuits cause phenomena such as droughts, floods and / or promote desertification, which, in turn, worsens the quantity and quality of water, agricultural cultivation areas and grazing areas. However, the main challenge remains - an increasing number of people need to be supplied with food and clean water. Especially the women bear the main burden of ecological degradation due to the social understanding of roles in the Maasai Steppe, and are therefore among the losers in environmental changes.