Over the last couple of years, the legal rules concerning same-sex couples and their desire to have children changed a great deal. The thesis at hand analyzes the tedious process of gaining equality in this context. The first chapter addresses the Constitutional Court of Austria's ruling that now grants lesbian couples access to assisted reproductive technologies. Furthermore, the new rules implemented by the reform of the Austrian Reproductive Medicine Law (FMedRÄG 2015), particularly concerning the descent of artificially created children, will be discussed in detail. Even with all those changes though, surrogacy remains illegal, which leads to an exclusion of male same-sex couples from any kind of medically assisted procedures. The Austrian law therefore provides no possibilities for a male homosexual couple to legally become biological parents. This prohibition, its grounds of justification and other legal problems regarding surrogate motherhood, especially when an Austrian couple chooses a foreign surrogate mother abroad, will be demonstrated and looked at in the second chapter. The third and last chapter covers the legal ground rules for homosexuals to adopt a child. In 2013, legislation in Austria permitted one partner to adopt the other partner's biological child (“step-child adoption”). Joint adoptions of unrelated children and successive adoptions of the partner's adopted children both were allowed in 2016.