Since almost 70 years, many Palestinian refugees live in exile. The refugee question has been the focal point of the Israeli-Arab conflict since the flight in 1948, the Nakba. The target of this diploma thesis is, to investigate in which regions the refugees fled. The focus lies on the two main drivers oft the flights. These drivers were the foundation of Israel in May 1948 as well as the Six-Day War in 1967. A brief overview of the political impacts in the Near-East effected by the First World War will be given. After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the Britsh Empire received a League-of-Nations for Palestine in 1920. During the Second World War the retreat and the division of the country were considered. On May 14, 1948, Israel's declaration of independence was finally proclaimed by David Ben Gurion. Triggerd by the foundation of the state Israel, 700,000 and in 1967, additional 300,000 Palestinians fled to Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and the Occupied Palestinian Territories.Furthermore, the situation in the refugee camps will be investigated. Palestinian refugees are excluded from the Geneva Refugee Convention, which is valid for all other refugees worldwide. For Palestinian people, the UNCCP and UNRWA have been established by the UN. The duties oft the UNRWA are medical care, school education, financial assistance and infrastructure improvement in refugee camps. Approximately 5.5 million Palestinian refugees are registered at UNRWA. More than 1.6 million refugees, nearly 30% of the total population, are living in camps in the previous-mentioned regions. The UNRWA is responsible for 58 refugee camps, 724 schools and 138 medical centers. In most of the host regions - except form Jordan, Palestinians have very few rights. Though the right-of-return for Palestinians is claimed by the UN resolutions 194 and 237, this right is denied by Israel.