The current food system is characterized by a huge imbalance. In some regions of the world, a significant part of the population suffers from daily hunger, while in other regions, food is present abundantly. The concept of food sovereignty, a regionally and solidarily organized food system, offers a more equitable approach. It pursues the objectives of providing healthy and enough food to the whole population, of granting farmers and the country self-determination about their agriculture while preserving the interests of the environment and future generations. This concept is also a sustainable option for Austria. For this reason, this report assesses potential factors threatening the goal of food sovereignty in Austria. Policy, economic, environmental and social criteria were identified as threat factors. Statistical data, introductory literature on food sovereignty, and reports on specific topics were used to analyse these factors.The EUs common agricultural and subsidiary policies have led to a one-sided orientation and overproduction and have favoured a structural change to the benefit of large businesses. In combination with an intensified and rationalized agriculture, which is characterized by its high use of machines, chemical fertilizers and pesticides, this has accelerated serious damage to the natural resources including soil, biodiversity and water. The latter are also threatened by climate change in terms of their quantitative or qualitative availability. Furthermore, the buying public can support food sovereignty through its consumer behavior. All in all, Austria would have great potential to implement a food sovereignty system, but is currently far from it.