This final thesis deals with the concept of hero mythology using the example of the Austrian chancellor Dr. Engelbert Dollfuß. The hypothesis is that a hero myth can be produced when a variety of certain criteria is being met. These criteria are listed in this thesis and are as follows, the group that supporting the hero, the ideology which the hero represents, as well as certain vouched-for deeds of the hero. A heros work is exemplary and encourages imitation. After the heros death, the groups for example the patriotic front and the Austrian government create the hero myth. A variety of media is available for the myths creation such as pictures, songs, rituals or the monuments. By way of example, the various points will be dealt with in this thesis and show that a heroic myth contains more perspectives, which can be in contradiction to each other. But this only makes the heroic myth stronger, as the thesis will elaborate. In the case of Dollfuß, it was through the murder of the chancellor by national socialists that a heroic figure emerged from the actual authoritarian leader of the state, who on the one hand, was regarded as a resistance fighter against national socialism a pioneer of Catholic Austrian ideology but on the other hand as a laborer during the 1934 February uprisings and therefore as a fascist leader. This bilabial point of view strengthened the myth, which was carried along into the Second Republic, and again and again lead to a political dispute between the parties of the great coalition. Nevertheless, the thesis will show how, in spite of all inconsistencies, the cult around the person of Engelbert Dollfuß partially survived until the present day.