Since value paradigms and societal fears of a community are often manifested in the depiction of the strange, the field of research on alterity is an important field in literary studies. In particular, the negative relation between the descriptive and the varying culture has always served as the revaluation of the self and thus acts as a source of identity. Due to the increasing globalization and the increasing movement of migrants, the Islam and its believers currently represent the most significant alterity for German-speaking countries. Therefore, two contemporary German-language prose texts, namely Mein Abschied vom Himmel by Hamed Abdel-Samad and Siebentürmeviertel by Feridun Zaimoglu, are analyzed with regard to the descriptions of the Muslim. The focus is on the following questions: Which attitudes are manifested in the representation of the Muslim society and its members in the primary works?The methodology is, on the one hand, based on the theory of alterity and stereotyping, and on the other hand, on the theoretical considerations of important Islamic scholars. In the course of the analysis, the topics of violence /aggression /brutality, sexuality/social morality and faith versus belief are discussed, which show great parallels in the major negative description of the Muslim by the two Islamic authors. The established attributions cover both the content level as well as the figure drawing, and are to be regarded as characteristic of the representation of the Muslim society and its members from the perspective of Muslim believers.