The following diploma thesis deals with the question in how far Cleopatra VII. Philopator is depicted in the antique resources and the movies. For this purpose, selected antique authors were analysed with regard to their depiction of this famous Egyptian queen. Further, the antique resources were subdivided into historiographical, non-historiographical, roman and non-roman sources. Likewise, three cinematic stagings (Cleopatra/ Cleopatra. Passion Power Betrayal/ Rome) were summarized and examined concerning their portrayal of Cleopatra. Finally, a comparison between the chosen antique sources and the cinematic performances was conducted.An analysis of the antique sources has shown, that a consistently negative picture of the Ptolemaic queen is drawn. In the Roman and Jewish literature Cleopatra is depicted as a power-hungry and reckless queen, who is seen as a threat for the existence of the Roman Empire, because of her longing for growth and expansion. Hereby a difference to the Greek authors can be ascertained, who attempt to describe the events in an objective and more moderate way. Also in the relationships to Caesar and Marc Antony variances can be recognized. Many of the resources remain silent when it comes to the relationship to Caesar, while Cleopatra and Antony are described as being inseparable. Their relationship is definitely negatively connotated. In the movies, Cleopatra is depicted as a woman, who is led by her emotions and feelings. Political aspects are neglected, one solely concentrates on presenting Cleopatra as a femme fatale. Her relationship to Caesar is portrayed rather seldom and if, it is seen as affectionate. The relation to Marc Antony varies strongly in the films. It ranges from a romantic relationship to a kind of love-hate affair. The movie makers however agree in one aspect, namely Cleopatras death. In all analysed stagings the Egyptian queen dies from the toxin of a snake.