Through a number of possible side effects and long-term damages the self-concept of chronically ill people is more or less affected. Using the example of diabetes mellitus type 2, diabetes with impaired insulin action, shows that not only the organism, but also soul and spirit are affected. Arterial vascular disorders affecting the functions of the heart, the brain, the retina, kidneys, legs and feet. Moreover, it often comes to sexual disorders and dysfunctions. The incidence of nerve damage in the form of neuropathy, for example on the extremities often leads to risk of falling, foot deformities and -ulcers. Depression, personality changes and dementia are also consequences of this nerve damage. The overall configuration of typical symptoms is called metabolic syndrome. In addition to a genetic predisposition, it is mainly the unhealthy lifestyle including overeating, lack of exercise and often the deficient handling of stress including inadequate relaxation, which may adversely affect this disease.The support options at an inpatient rehabilitation facility are versatile. They extend from medical treatment, to nursing, dietetic, physiotherapy approaches to adequate training concepts and complementary medicine methods. In addition to the traditional Chinese medicine with Acupuncture and Ayurveda, meditation and relaxation techniques can help to contribute to life style adaptation of a chronically ill. With techniques such as Therapeutic Touch© or concentrative movement therapy can be attempted to make the soul, mind and body again appreciable.Subjective health concepts such as resilience, health emergence, mindfulness and self-responsibility can also be more firmly anchored in the "new" nursing education to question one's own nursing and therapeutic quality and form, for the purpose of a useful accompaniment of sick and healthy people.