The following master thesis focuses on innovative developments within the field of child and youth welfare in Austria and, in particular, the region of Styria. Due to recent changes with regard to the child and youth welfare law and the subsequent developments it is important to discuss this topic. In particular, this thesis focuses on the concepts of social space orientation, Case Management, Trauma Pedagogy and Individual Pedagogy. It is the goal of this master thesis to describe the developments and their peculiarities, as well as to carry out research in an actual work environment. In order to depict the actual work, an open participating observation was conducted in three institutions. In addition, conversation logs were written. The results of this research show that the aforementioned concepts share a number of characteristics, such as the focus on the clients and their needs, as well as the provision of proper and flexible support. Furthermore, each concept has its own particular features. For example, social space orientation relies on networking and the cooperation within multi-professional teams, while Case Management provides the opportunity to work with people with multiple needs. The concept of Trauma Pedagogy focuses on the knowledge regarding traumatic events and the reactions to them. Individual Pedagogy as a concept offers unique staffing conditions and a special setting.