The present master thesis deals with the transgenerational effects of fatherlessness caused by war. The aim of the empirical research is to investigate upon the pedagogical impact of growing up without a father during and after war and to what extent these experiences can be transferred to the next generation. In order to achieve this, a theoretical discussion covering the change of the term ‘paternity and the importance of a father for the entire family is of necessity. With the help of narrative interviews, five participants were asked to speak about their experiences growing up without a father during and after war. The results of the interviews have shown that fatherlessness caused by war changed the entire family life. With war children, the following could be detected: disintegration into the peer-group, concealment of the fact that one was growing up without a father, a never-ending quest for an ideal surrogate father, divinisation of the mother, growing up early, a dislike for new political ideas and a critical mind-set towards an open-minded parenting in the 21st century. When it came to parenting their own children, the participants displayed a lack of empathy and the missing father figure resulted in the fact that the interviewees orientated themselves towards social role models. Furthermore, an interrelation between the socio-economic condition of growing up and the perception of war and after war experiences could be detected.