Sikhism belongs to the world's major religions. With around 25-27 million followers Sikhism is the third biggest monotheistic religion in the world. Founded by Guru Nanak in 1496, near Lahore in Pakistan, Sikhism especially focuses on the equality of all human beings without any discrimination of people with regard to their sex, caste, origin, colour of skin or religion. While the situation for women within Islam and Hinduism was really difficult in India in those days, due to cruel traditions like Sati, bride burning, dowry death or honour killing, Guru Nanak improved the status of women and provided and preached equality for women in all fields of social, political, economic and religious life. Being himself a member of a trading-family of the Khatris-caste he denounced and disapproved of the Indian caste system, which is still although prohibited by law predominant within Indian society.This thesis puts a focus on the role, the status and especially on the self-defining position of Sikh women within the political, economic, educational, religious and social life in India as well as their selfimage after their migration and settlement in Austria. Due to taking 'ethnographic-episodical interviews' with Sikh women in Punjab, the Homeland of Sikhism, as well as with Sikh women in Austria, in combination with the method of 'active participating observation' as well as using the methods of 'ethnography' and 'deep description' of Geertz, it was possible to get useful results presented in this thesis.While in India gaining and enjoying a better status during the lifetime of the ten Gurus of Sikhism, women lost that status after the death of the tenth Guru, Gobind Singh in 1708 and again became suppressed within a male dominated society. Only in the last few decades has a change started again and Sikh women in India are facing and fighting for the resuscitation of their equality and they have already reached high levels in nearly all fields of life.For Sikh women in Austria the situation regarding equality equality between Sikh men and Sikh women as well as non-Sikh-Austrian-women is in many respects a matter of generation. While for the first generation of women migration to Austria was quite challenging and associated with a lot of disadvantages concerning their status, the younger generation young women, mainly born in Austria is (and will in future be) able to reach an equal status in their social, economic and religious life.But although Sikh women in India as well as in Austria have already reached high levels in many fields they still have to go a long way to reach equality (again).