There are theories and case studies about honour, its loss and dishonesty, but not about the restoration of honour (Ehrrestitution). Though the project ''Supplications filed by subjects at the Aulic Council under the reign of Emperor Rudolf II 1576-1612'' shows that there were proceedings to restore lost honour, started by supplications of pleading subjects, who lost their honour in processes on lower levels of jurisdiction.There are ten such cases, six of them concerning restoration of honour after its loss because of 'criminal actions', i.e. deviant behaviour. The thesis focuses on these cases, delivering insights into everyday life (historical anthropology), handling crimes (research on the history of crime) and political communication (cultural history of politics). It is followed by this question: What is / what means restoration of honour and which proceedings to restore honour, started by supplications of 'criminal' subjects, can be found among the files of the Aulic Council during the period of Rudolf II?To answer this question and to write a first study about the restoration of honour, the thesis describes honor as an issue of historical research: The construct honor is described as a communication medium communicating the social standing of a person, as a symbolic capital and as a code of behaviour. Honour is connected to economy, politics, law and sexuality, as shown in the six cases. Thus honour always has a specific 'meaning'.As a second step, the thesis describes the original files. This shows that the 'meaning' of honour influences its loss as well as its restoration. It depends on this 'meaning' and the specific acting of subjects, whether their pleas are successful or not. However, as honour only exists in actions, it is not necessarily lost forever.