This Masters Degree paper was written as a part of KIRAS 3DSmartScan project . The projects goal is the development of a 3D crime scene visualizing tool. One part of this project is the historical research, which focuses on three crime scene reliefs from the “Hans Gross Kriminalmuseum” in Graz, which date back to 1884/85, 1897 and 1904. For the first time ever these three items are being treated as one category, whilst at the same time being studied as distinct individual objects. The lighting of development of tools used by criminal investigators in order to (3D) visualize the crime scenes in the late XIX century, as well as questioning the need for such an approach and problems that occur in the process, are significant fields of this work. The inclusion of reliefs into a military context, as well as into areas of art work and topography, was as essential as the elaboration of its natural science character. Based on crime scene models of Hans Gross, criminalists in particular, can successively work with dimensions of experience and understanding of places (landscapes) (whereas from an epistemological point of view, one must differentiate between handmade models form back then, and digital models of today). It remains unclear, if the three objects were used in the courtroom or exclusively for educational purposes. This work provides foundational research for a special exhibition, which should confront historical crime scene reliefs with a modern 3D print. The actuality of these subjects is to be emphasized, especially regarding phenomena such as „CSI-Effekt" and „strukturelle Skepsisvergessenheit“ (Christian Bachhiesl), that is, for the jurisprudence that until today, has remained deeply sceptical regarding depiction.