The relation between Palestine and the United Nations has always been a very subtle one, and in the last centuries several resolutions have been approved by the UN regarding the Palestinian case, such as beginning with the GA Res. 181 (II) (1948) in the first instance. In 2009, the democratic campaign “Palestine 194“ initiated that Palestine should become a member state at the UN, and thus bringing the Palestinian case back to the international stage. In 2011, after the application for the full membership was not successful, Palestine became a member in the UNESCO. On November 29, 2012, the General Assembly Resolution 67/19 on the status of Palestine in the United Nations was adopted. Although the Resolution does not outline specific rights itself and exists to have more of a symbolic character, it could entail several advantages to the situation of Palestine. The aim of this work is to provide a detailed inspection of the legal issues and consequences entailed by this specific Resolution which granted Palestine the non-member observer state status within the UN system. Palestine has now the capacity to join international treaties and agencies and already did so in April 2014. One of the most crucial consequences was that Palestine became a state party at the International Criminal Court in 2015. Furthermore, the relationship between Palestine, Israel, the U.S., and the EU will be examined in this thesis.