This master thesis deals with the honour, acceptance and elimination of women in patristic literature. The position of the woman in the ancient Greek, Roman, Jewish and Christian culture is described at the beginning of the paper. Two short portraits of women of the Pauline literature and the focus on Mary Magdalene in the Bible and in the Apocrypha prepare for the seven portraits of women of the patristic period. The life and work of Thecla, Macrina, Paula, Olympias, Egeria, Syncletica and Proba are particularly worked out. Subsequently, a synodal decision and a number of statements of church fathers are used to draw attention to the systematic, still relevant elimination of women from ecclesiastical positions. The Conclusio highlights once again the differences, connections, contradictions and similarities of the women, as well as the theological aspect of the end of male and female.