This master thesis puts human rights concepts in the information society into perspective within the special context of the rights to freedom of assembly and expression on and through the Internet in Austria and Russia. Austria and Russia and their domestic legal provisions serve as examples on how states legally restrict the implementation of freedom of assembly and expression in a global online environment. In chapters 1 and 2 theoretical concepts of general human rights, human rights in the digital age, Internet Governance and relevant online behaviour are discussed. This forms the basis of the analytic comparison of several selected domestic Austrian and Russian laws that is then laid out in chapters 3, 4 and 5. The analysis also contains findings of relevant human rights reports on the situation of digital rights in Austria and Russia by the organizations Freedom House, Human Rights Watch and Agora and of the United Nations Human Rights Council. Building on the theoretical concepts, selected legal texts and country reports it is shown, that two states can differ in scope and scale of limitations to the rights of freedom of assembly and expression on and through the Internet. The hypothesis can be proven that Russian legal norms restricting these freedoms online and offline are generally stricter and more extensive, resulting in structural human rights violations in Russia. Approaches to highlight and potentially explain these facts are based on findings in terms of social policy and differences in legal systems. Furthermore, relevant Austrian and Russian case law is briefly being mentioned in order to show how the laws discussed affect Internet users.