The present study focussed on the relevance of gender role self-concept to previously observed response time differences between men and women when answering questionnaires. Beyond that, notable gender differences in processing speed, verbal abilities and compliance were also included as relevant theoretical factors affecting response times. A total sample of 89 participants (49 female, 40 male) were assessed regarding their individual processing speed and verbal abilities. They also assessed themselves regarding compliance and the femininity or masculinity of their gender role self-concept. Most hypotheses - based on assumptions of the social role theory as well as empirically documented gender differences - had to be discarded. The expected gender differences in response times could not be reproduced in this study. Yet compliance significantly predicted shorter response times, while components of the gender role self-concept did not yield any additional information on response times. Hierarchical regression showed no significant moderating or mediating effects. Surprisingly, processing speed and verbal abilities showed no effect on response times as well. When all relevant predictors were added into a regression model, just about one third of the variance in response times was explained. The lack of certain effects and assumptions on how more variance can be explained in future research was discussed.