Aiming for progress within the German comedy, the famous Cotta publishing house announced a comedy competition in 1836, in order to find the best one-act or two-act comedy in prose or verse. The competition evoked a keen response: Georg Büchner also intended to submit 'Leonce und Lena', but he failed to deliver it within the time limit, and therefore it was returned to him unopened. 'Die Vormundschaft', a comedy written by Uffo Horn and Wolfgang Gerle, was chosen unanimously to be the winner of the competition. The prize-winning comedy was published and a huge success followed. Today, however, it is widely unknown. The aim of this master thesis is to reconstruct to which extent 'Die Vormundschaft' fulfilled the criteria of the competition and brought innovations for the comedy, but also, to which extent it is a typical play within the 19th century. A contrast to Büchners comedy reveals whether a participation in the competition would have been successful for 'Leonce und Lena' on the basis of the strengths and weaknesses of each play. Finally, the question to be answered is why 'Die Vormundschaft' has fallen into oblivion, while Büchners 'Leonce und Lena' was taken up in the canon and is still read, performed and reviewed today.