This masters thesis provides an interdisciplinary and broad overview of economic and social challenges of our time as well as feasible solutions. While the current economic system focuses on growth, especially on increasing a few economic indicators, changes in the environment become more and more obvious. Some pools of global material cycles shift and topics like climate change or the extinction of species have been discussed in a more critical light. In order to establish a correlation between these phenomena of the economic and ecological system Niklas Luhmanns systems theory is used for this masters thesis. According to this theory, the relation between the current economic system and the ecological system will be analyzed with regard to the prevailing growth paradigm. To do so, this masters thesis consists of three main parts: The first one describes relevant aspects of Niklas Luhmanns systems theory. Additionally, the economic and ecological system will be introduced in order to provide basic information for later correlations. The second part is dedicated to an interference analysis of both, the economic and ecological, systems. This analysis describes how the two open systems are linked to each other, although they are two differentiated systems. Moreover, it shows how the systems interact and influence each other. In conclusion, the analysis reveals that there are destructive tensions between the two systems which might and should lead to different reactions. Therefore, the third part of this masters thesis not only sheds light on several approaches to resolve the above mentioned tensions but also illustrates the latter by using practical examples. These approaches and examples also follow the principles of the systems theory.