This master thesis deals with the occurrence of various categories of cultural heritage in the region of the Mürzer Oberland. Furthermore, several possibilities of sustaining the regional character and economic development in connection with the regional cultural heritage will be discussed. The region, which has been afflicted with an decrease in population for years now, was once known for its prosperity in regard to the iron and mining industries. The history of iron industry, mining and also forestry has left an indelible mark on the regional cultural heritage, as did the presence of the House of Habsburg. The first part of the paper will focus on the core elements of sustainable regional development and the remnants of cultural heritage as well as on the possibilities of categorizing the findings. This shall be the basis for developing a cultural heritage catalogue in which various tangible and intangible objects and phenomena will be listed. Further, this thesis will elaborate the importance of the regional cultural heritage and its value in terms of sustainable regional development. The empirical part of this master thesis consists of a questionnaire and expert interviews which were aiming at an evaluation of the specific conceptions of the population about the cultural heritage. Based on the results of this evaluation, existing concepts of viewing cultural heritage will be examined, which might also be key elements for a future development.Concluding one can say that the cultural heritage of the region has been greatly influenced by the iron and mining industries. Nevertheless, there is still a need to open peoples minds for an identification with the culture and traditions they were born into and which they have inherited. If this succeeds, the inherent power of cultural heritage will be the thriving force in the process of sustaining regional development.