The figure of the artist has been a unique and sustained focus of interest in literary texts. The representations of artists in novels are multidimensional and multifaceted and therefore almost kaleidoscopically diverse. This thesis offers an overview of the Künstlerroman across literary periods by tracing the functional transformations of the character of the artist from the Age of Sentimentalism to the present. In addition, the present analysis highlights the formation and deconstruction of the myth of the artist. The thesis, however, does not merely aim to situate artist representations within the framework of literary history but strives to explore the role of the artist in contemporary literature in a social context in which the artist has become disempowered. For this purpose, four novels that are dedicated to the theme of the artist and were published in the first decade of the 21st century are analyzed. The protagonists in these texts are primarily driven by socio-cultural and socio-economic factors, which, on the one hand, triggers their egocentric, at times psychotic behaviour while, on the other hand, it results in the regression of their socially conformist creative process.