This thesis aims to discuss present forms of provincial fiction. The first part deals with two main questions: Firstly, why the current number of publications in this genre is high although the opposition of city and country is fading, and secondly, how the genre of provincial fiction can be defined at the present time. In this connection, a diachronic view is thrown upon the genre and the terms ‚Provinz‘, ‚Region‘ and ‚Heimat‘, which are essential in this context, are discussed. The last one of the three terms has a diverse history and appears in various forms of meaning, which are issued in present provincial fiction, as the second part of this thesis aims to show with an exemplary analysis of three provincial novels. Nevertheless, the term ‚Provinzroman‘ has been chosen to describe the genre discussed in this thesis, since the term ‚Heimatroman‘ bears an ideological burden and showed to be too narrow to describe the analyzed novels.In the second part of this thesis, the novels Unterleuten by Juli Zeh, Roter Flieder by Reinhard Kaiser-Mühlecker and Der Ort, as well as the entire project of Ortsumgehung by Andreas Maier are analysed to point out which forms of provincial fiction one encounters in present times. The two key aspects within this analysis, which result from the interrelation with the first part of this thesis, are the exposure to the term ‚Heimat‘ and the function of province as a laboratory, in which relevant questions concerning society are dealt with. Furthermore, the interference of several genres in the three novels mentioned above is discussed.